Baule
Goli kplekple mask
Masks correspond to several types of dances: the gba gba, the bonu amuen, the mblo and the goli. They never represent the ancestors and are
always worn by men. The gba gba is used at the funerals of women during the harvest season. It celebrates beauty and age, hence its refined
features. The double mask represents the marriage of the sun and the moon or twins, whose birth is always a good sign. The bonu amuen protects
the village from external threats; it obliges the woman to a certain discipline; and it appears at the commemorations of death of notables. When they
intervene in the life of the community, they take the shape of a wooden helmet that represents a buffalo or antelope and which is worn with a raffia
costume and metal ankle bracelets; the muzzle has teeth, which incarnate the fierce animal that is to defend the group.

Goli is the day-long spectacle that normally involves the whole village and includes the appearance of four pairs of masks, music played on special
instruments, and, ideally, the jojoyous consumption of a great deal of palm wine. Goli can be performed both as an entertainment and for the funeral
of important men. The very characteristic, round-shaped “lunar” goli is surmounted by two horns. It was borrowed from the Wan for a celebration
adopted by the Baule after 1900. Celebrating peace and joy, they would sing, dance, and drink palm wine. In the procession, the goli preceded the
four groups of dancers, representing young adolescents. The goli would be used on the occasion of the new harvest, the visit of dignitaries, or at the
funerals of notables.

The goli kplekple mask is one of several that appear in the Goli spirit dance. It represents a minor spirIt associated with the junior rank of male
dancers who perform before the more important masks appear. In keeping with its low status, this mask is made in a simple disk-shaped design and
lacks the more complex form and ornamentation that the Baule admire in their important masks. Considered a mischievous mask, the youthful dancer
playfully chases young women around the village, goaded by their songs.

I currently do not have a Baule Goli Society Kpele mask in my collection

Below are some examples for reference purposes
Sotheby's - Paris
Art Africain et Océanien,
Auction Date : Jun 15, 2004

Lot 31 :  f - MASQUE, BAULÉ, CÔTE D'IVOIRE

Description
Ce masque Kple Kple, d'une belle ancienneté, se compose d'un visage rond à la
surface plane, surmonté de deux cornes recourbées l'une vers l'autre. La peinture -
rouge ou noire - qui caractérise habituellement ce type de masque ayant presque
disparue, les traits gravés apparaissent avec d'autant plus de force, en particulier la
bouche rectangulaire à rangée de dents pointues et les traits concentriques cernant
la pupille.

Condition Note: Usure importante de la surface et manques dus à l'érosion et
probablement aux termites - stabilisés, sur le bord inférieur et supérieur de la
collerette.

Dimensions
haut. 41 cm


Estimate:€ 5,000 - € 7,000
Price Realized: € 0    


Provenance
Nicaud, Galerie Burgui, Paris 1961

Notes
Les masques Kple Kple de petit diamètre sont rares. Ils en constituent la forme la plus
ancienne. A rapprocher du masque illustré dans S. Vogel, 1999, p. 174, appartenant
à la collection Rui Quintela, premier masque du goli jamais répertorié, probablement
collecté par Henri Labouret avant 1914.
SOTHEBY'S AFRICAN AND OCEANIC ART
SALE N07845  

AUCTION DATE
SESSION 1 | 15 Nov 02 10:15 AM.

LOCATION
New York  

LOT 13

Property from the Ulrich Klever Collection, Germany
A FINE BAULE GOLI SOCIETY MASK

estimate 10,000—15,000 USD
Lot Sold.  Hammer Price with Buyer's Premium:   10,755 USD

MEASUREMENTS  
height 33 3/4in. 85.7cm



DESCRIPTION
kplekple bla, of large proportions, with a raised circular lip at the back supporting the
flat disc with rectangular abstract mouth baring teeth and circular eyes above pierced
holes for vision, all beneath the arching horns joining at the crown; varied deep brown
patina with traces of black and white pigments.


Provenance:
Emil Storrer, Zurich, 1952

Cf. Barbier (1993: 126, figure 212) for a related goli mask. This type of mask is one of
four pairs that appear within the dance, and represents the junior male of the series.
SOTHEBY'S AFRICAN AND OCEANIC ART
COLLECTION VEENA ET PETER SCHNELL, COLLECTION BAUDOUIN DE GRUNNE ET DIVERS
AMATEURS
SALE PF4011  


AUCTION DATE
SESSION 1 | 03 Dec 04 3:00 PM.

LOCATION
Paris  



LOT 104 (of 174)

f - MASQUE, BAULÉ, CÔTÉ D'IVOIRE
[A BAULE MASK, IVORY COAST]

estimate 3,000—4,500 EUR
Lot Sold.  Hammer Price with Buyer's Premium:   1,680 EUR
MEASUREMENTS


measurements
haut. 40 cm

alternate measurements
15 3/4 in


DESCRIPTION
Kplé Kplé de type classique : visage rond à la surface plane surmonté de deux cornes recourbées
l'une vers l'autre, les pupilles projetées en haut relief, une ouverture de vision triangulaire destinée au
danseur, percée sous les pupilles. Il a conservé la corde de maintien que le porteur serrait entre les
dents. Quelques éclats dans la patine font apparaître des couches de polychromie superposées,
prouvant l'utilisation répétée de ce masque dans un contexte traditionnel.
cti.itc.virginia.edu/ ~bcr/Bayly/Bayly2.html
Baule, Goli Society    
Title:    Kpele Kpele Mask    
Date:    19th century    
Medium:    Wood, reconstructed raffia collar    
Dimensions:    44 x 26 1/2 x 17 1/2 in. (111.8 x 67.3 x 44.5 cm) (horns)    
Credit Line:    The William Hood Dunwoody Fund    
Location:    Gallery 250    

The kpele kpele mask represents the junior male element in a series of four mask types that appear in pairs in the Goli ceremony. The Goli
dances are performed at elders' funerals and as village entertainment. The dance was introduced to the Baule by the neighboring Wan
people around 1900. The four sets of dancers are symbols of the structure of society and the inter-relationships of men, women and the
social order.

Object Description
Classification:    Mask
Creation Place:    Africa, Côte d'Ivoire, Yamoussoukro
Owner:    The Minneapolis Institute of Arts
The examples above are probably authentic

The examples below are "most likely" decorative
Arte Primitivo

Estimate: $850-$2,000

Auction Closed(Final Price) $225.00


Category: African  
Sub Category: West Africa  
Culture or Country: Ivory Coast.  
Period: --  Size: 17-1/4"H.  


Description: Decorative, wooden face mask of rounded form having square-cut mouth with visible teeth
and drop-shaped eyes with triangular cuts and raised pupils. Rounded horns above and wide
attachment flange behind, perforated around top for attachment. Minor chip on reverse, else intact.
Provenance: Ex. Morton Polk, N.Y.C., collected prior to 1971.
Examples below are of contemporary pieces
Rand African Art
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